Reviewed by Vern Ratzlaff
H. Richard Niebuhr’s Christ and Culture has dominated the discussion of the relation between Christian faith and ‘secular’ culture. The discussion has been based the awareness that theology always stands at the crossroads of decision: either to serve Christ and His church, of to fall prey to a private religious expression, some fashionable philosophy, moral crusade of political ideology (p 7). Niebuhr’s position is the doctrine of the two kingdoms, the belief that Christians are simultaneously saints and sinners, what Niebuhr called ‘Christ and culture in Paradox’. The Lutheran concept of the two kingdoms speaks against the cultural accommodation of theology, the paradoxical vision provides correctives to two possible dangers: a ‘Christianization of society’, remaking the world into the image of the church, or an ‘acculturization of the church’, remaking the church into the image of the world.
Menugo’s book speaks to three major themes. One. The identification of alternative approaches to Christ and culture, clarifying Lutheran perspectives. Two. The dialogue between Christ and culture as It applies to social issues (war, evangelism). Three. The institutions of the church, with specific attention to worship and the educational structure of the church. (This is particularly cogent for church colleges and seminaries.)
While Menugo’s book speaks from and to a Lutheran audience, it asks questions on a far wider perspective. Good probing of our faith.